Free epub Ethics: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy) –

Ethics Introduces The Issues And Controversies Of Contemporary Moral Philosophy To Undergraduate Students Who Have Already Done An Introductory Course In Philosophy It Will Help Students To Think Clearly About How To Form Their Moral Beliefs In The Wisest And Most Rational Way The Basic Approaches To Metaethics And Normative Ethics Are Related To Specific Issues, Particularly Those Of Racism, Education, And Abortion Written In A Clear And Concise Way By An Experienced Textbook Author, Ethics Will Also Be Of Interest To The General ReaderUnique Features Of The Textbook Boxed Key Ideas Glossary Of Philosophical Terms Chapter Summaries And Study Questions Annotated Further Reading And Internet Web ResourcesThere Is An Associated Website For Teachers And Students At Routledge Routledge Philosoph A highly biased book It claims to be neutral But most of the book, it spends time on arguing for the golden rule Most manifestly, he mentions Kohlberg s stages of moral development which is highly outdated But with a twist Let s first see what his stages are according to wikipedia Level 1 Pre Conventional 1 Obedience and punishment orientation How can I avoid punishment 2 Self interest orientation What s in it for me Paying for a benefit Level 2 Conventional 3 Interpersonal accord and conformity Social norms The good boy girl attitude 4 Authority and social order maintaining orientation Law and order morality Level 3 Post Conventional 5 Social contract orientation6 Universal ethical principles Principled conscience let s now see them according to Gesler 1 Punishment obedience bad is what brings punishment2 Rewards Good is what brings what you want.3 Parental approval Good Is what pleases Mommy and Daddy.4 Social approval Good is what is socially approved.5 Utilitarian Good is what promotes society s welfare6 Impartial Principles good is what expresses consistency, justice, and equal dignity act only as you re willing that anyone act in the same situation, regardless of where you imagine yourself in that situation Not very similar, right I don t even mean the wording Please take a look at the explanation for the 5th and 6th stages In Stage five social contract driven , the world is viewed as holding different opinions, rights, and values Such perspectives should be mutually respected as unique to each person or community Laws are regarded as social contracts rather than rigid edicts Those that do not promote the general welfare should be changed when necessary to meet the greatest good for the greatest number of people 8 This is achieved through majority decision and inevitable compromise Democratic government is ostensibly based on stage five reasoning.In Stage six universal ethical principles driven , moral reasoning is based on abstract reasoning using universal ethical principles Laws are valid only insofar as they are grounded in justice, and a commitment to justice carries with it an obligation to disobey unjust laws Legal rights are unnecessary, as social contracts are not essential for deontic moral action Decisions are not reached hypothetically in a conditional way but rather categorically in an absolute way, as in the philosophy of Immanuel Kant 18 This involves an individual imagining what they would do in another s shoes, if they believed what that other person imagines to be true 19 The resulting consensus is the action taken In this way action is never a means but always an end in itself the individual acts because it is right, and not because it avoids punishment, is in their best interest, expected, legal, or previously agreed upon Although Kohlberg insisted that stage six exists, he found it difficult to identify individuals who consistently operated at that level 15 Touro College Researcher Arthur P Sullivan helped support the accuracy of Kohlberg s first five stages through data analysis, but could not provide statistical evidence for the existence of Kohlberg s sixth stage Therefore, it is difficult to define recognize as a concrete stage in moral development The author claims to do a very analytical criticism of different views on ethics But he fails to not resort to using unintuitive implications against the original idea Even though he identifies them as difficult bullets to swallow he still uses them against a view His uses of terms such as absolutism and objectivism are highly confusing and it doesn t conform to the standard usages I actually started reading the book, with an extremely optimistic attitude But it managed to make me hate it The one thing that I can say is impressive about this book is it s beautifully structured content It s organized as a textbook, broken down into parts, chapters, sub chapter and standardized headings But it fails to make much sense after that. This is great summary of different views on moral philosophy It explains almost all views including Social relativism, subjectivism, ideal observer view, emotivism, intiutionism, prescriptivism The second part of the book deals with normative ethics explaining consenquentalism and nonconsenquentalism I am not philosophy student but this book was very understandable to me I was able to comprehend almost everything and it helped me a lot to understand better some deep truths. .

  • Paperback
  • 224 pages
  • Ethics: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy)
  • Harry J. Gensler
  • English
  • 25 January 2017
  • 9780415156257

About the Author: Harry J. Gensler

Is a well-known author, some of his books are a fascination for readers like in the Ethics: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy) book, this is one of the most wanted Harry J. Gensler author readers around the world.